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英语教学中,可用来引导让步状语从句的连词主要有:although,though,

as,while(尽管,虽然),even if/even though(即使),特殊疑问词+ever/no matter

+特殊疑问词(无论等)等.例如:

Although he is very rich,he doesn&,acute,t live a happy life.

尽管他很富有,但是他并不幸福.

Even if you invited me ,I would not attend your party.

即使你邀请了我,我也不会去参加你的派对的.

Whatever you say ,I will not believe you .

无论你说什麽,我也不会相信你.

主要考察点在于:

一、英汉差异:英语中,有虽然就不可有但是,即,句中出现了although/though,就不可再出现but,但是可以使用yet/still .例如:

尽管她很漂亮,但是她不善良.

Although she is not beautiful ,yet she is very kind /she is still very kind.(正确)

Although she is not beautiful ,but she is very kind .(错误)

1)as引导的让步状语从句:as引导的让步状语从句,需要将从句中的表语或状语置于句首.例如:

2)尽管他很伤心,但是他在公众面前仍然强装笑颜.

Sad as he was ,he still managed a 论文范文ile in public.(表语前置)

3)尽管汤姆学习很努力,但是他总是不能通过考试.

Hard as Tom studied,he could not always pass the exams.(状语前置)

注意:1)当从句表语为可数名词单数且前置时,该名词前的不定冠词一定要省略.

如:尽管他还是个孩子,但是他懂得很多.

Child as he is ,he knows a lot .(表语为可数名词单数)

4)有时也有从句中动词前置的情况.如:

无论他多麽努力的去尝试,他都不能打开那扇门.

Try as he might , he could not open the door.(动词前置)

等于However hard he tried , he could not open the door.

二、even if /even though 与 as if /as though 的区别:even if /even though

译为“即使”,用于引导让步状语从句;as if /as though 译为“仿佛、好像”,

用于引导方式状语从句或表语从句.如:

1)Even though you are president,I will not allow you in without the permit.

即使你是总统,没有许可证我也不让你进. (让步状语从句)

2)It looks as if it is going to rain .

天看起来仿佛要雨. (表语从句)

3)The teacher treats his students as though they were his own children.

这位老师对待学生.就像对待自己的孩子一样 . (方式状语从句)

三、特殊疑问词+ever 与no matter +特殊疑问词的区别

1)特殊疑问词+ever 的形式中,whatever、whichever、whoever、whomever 四词既可以用来引导让步状语从句,又可以用来引导名词性从句;而however、whenever、wherever等三词只可用来引导让步状语从句,可与no matter how 、no matter when 、no matter where互换.如:

Whatever(等于No matter what) you say,I will not believe you.(让步状语从句)

I will not believe whatever you say.(宾语从句)

我不会相信你所说的任何话.

Be sure to my home, whenever(等于no matter when)you are free.

等于Be sure to my home,no matter when you are free. (让步状语从句)

你有空的时候,一定到我家来玩.

2)no matter +特殊疑问词的形式,只能用来引导让步状语从句.如:

No matter wherever (等于Wherever )you go,I will go with you.

无论你去哪里我都跟着你.

No matter how(等于However) amusing the story is ,I will put it away so that I can listen carefully.

无论故事多有趣,我都要把它收起来,以便于我能够认真听课.

No matter how(等于However)hard he studied,he could not pass the exams.

无论他学习多麽努力 ,他都无法通过考试.

注意:no matter how/however 引导的让步状语从句,需要将从句中的表语或状语前置,放在引导词的后面.

让步状语从句:音乐英语教程SYS 中级语法 08 状语从句 03 时间状语从句 since once

总结:

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